Patna (Pataliputra), the capital of Bihar, is a historic city situated at the confluence of three rivers, the Ganga, the Gandak, and the Sone. The city has a mean height of 173 feet (53 m) above sea level and is located at 28°37′ north latitudes and 85°10′ east longitudes. It is one of the longest and the narrowest among the largest cities of the country and spread over an area of about 30 square miles (77.7 sq. km). Patna is the capital of Bihar, is the second largest city in East India. There’s not much you know about it except for the fact that it is the 19th largest city in the nation and that its population around 1.68 plus million people.
We are sharing 5 interesting facts about Patna that make you feel proud:
- Pataliputra got the status of a capital city during the reign of Emperor Ashoka (ruled c. 268–231 BC). However, it later faced Indo-Greek invasion, and the city was sacked in AD 185. But its glory again revived under the Guptas. Fahsien, the Chinese pilgrim who studied in the city for three years during the reign of Chandragupta I in the early fifth century AD, not only considered it as a favorite center of learning but also the most beautiful and largest city of the world. The city again suffered destruction, and when Hsieun Tsang visited the city in AD 637, it had become desolate and deserted. Pataliputra raised as political obscurity when Sher Shah, the great Pathan ruler, built a fort there in 1541, transferred the provincial capital from Bihar Sharif, and gave it the new name of Patna.
- Patna, in addition, is one of the oldest ad infinitum colonized places on planet earth. As per the reports and studies, Patna was referred in Buddhist sculptures around 2500 years ago.
- The importance of Patna was enhanced when it was made the capital of the newly created province of Bihar in 1912. It also played a significant part in India’s freedom struggle against British imperial rule. The leader Jaya Prakash (JP) Narayan launched his “Total Revolution” against corruption from Patna in 1974. The Champaran movement against the Indigo plantation and the Quit India Movement of 1942.
- The word Patna stems from the Sanskrit word “pattan” which means to “port”. Ganga, Punpun, Gandak and Sone are 4 rivers in Patna. Patna city served as a port to these four rivers, the name was stemmed from here.
- Shri Guru Gobind Singh, the renowned 10th Guru of Sikhs birthplace was Patna. Guru Gobind Singh spent his childhood in Patna. The famous Gautam Buddha passed through Patna during the last year of his life.
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