The state Bihar has many tags attached to it. Bihar owns the pride of establishing one among the first to establish democracies in the world called “Lichhavi”. The earliest university for education in the world was established in Bihar. The name Bihar is a derived from “Vihara”, which means ‘monastery’. Bihar is rich with cultural heritage, the state houses various monasteries and famous for monuments belonging to various religions. The major empires of India lead to great heights in Bihar. The river Ganga enriches the plains of the landlocked state and contributes to the fertility of lands along with rivers Kosi, Bagmati and Gandak. A wonderful state with a rich history offers tourists to visit Bihar, the top 10 places to visit in Bihar are mentioned below:
1. Nalanda University
Nalanda University was established in Bihar during the 5th century A.D. The university was considered the first residential university ever in the world wide. The university established proof for the prominent role played by India in imparting education. The university had 2,000 teachers who taught over 10,000 students from every corners of the world. The uniqueness of this place could be gauged by the fact that Buddha was a teacher here and Hieun-Tsang, Chinese traveler and a great scholar, was a student of this university. The red rocks were used in the construction of the building, which was built in Kushana style of architecture. The remains excavated from the university ruins include stupas, ornamented panels, lecture halls and stairway.
2. Bodhi Tree
Bodhi Tree is located about 100 km away from Patna city. Buddha got enlightenment under this tree and hence it is a pilgrim center for Buddhists who came here from different parts of the world. This place has been declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Here, you will find Maha Bodhi Temple, which is sacred to those who follow Buddhism. The architecture of the temple display the richness and grace of Indian architecture.
3. Muchalinda Lake
Muchalinda Lake is named after Shesh Naga or the Snake King Muchalinda. Muchalinda protected Buddha during a storm while he was into the sixth week of meditation. Muchalinda protected Buddha from the rising waves. The place was named after this service. You find the sculpture depicting the hood protecting Buddha who is in the state of meditation on snake coil. The greenery around the lake and the lush greenery make it the most frequented tourist spot in Bodh Gaya.
4. Griddhakuta Peak
Griddhakuta Peak is known as the vulture peak. It is located in Rajgir, the peak display the shape of vulture and it is frequently visited by vultures in great numbers. Buddha delivered some famous sermons here and hence it is considered sacred for Buddhists. The steps formed after cutting rocks will lead you to, the two caves that are naturally formed.
5. Rajgir Hot Springs
Hot springs in Rajgir are famous tourist spots in Bihar. It is located at the foot of Vaibhava Hills; the springs flow their water from Saptadhara, which passes behind Saptaparni Caves. The hot springs are considered as medicinal properties. Among the hot springs, Brahmakund spring is the hottest with the temperature of 450 Celsius. It is believed that Lord Buddha and Mahavira- bathed in these hot springs.
6. Buxar Fort
The ancient fort located in Buxar along the Ganges River was constructed in 1054 AD. The carvings found inside the fort offer amazing views and the construction of the fort is outstanding. Do not miss some of the other tourist’s attraction nearby, which include Gauri Shankar Temple and Nath Baba Temple.
7. Navlakha Palace
Located in the town of Rajnagar near Madhubani- in Bihar, the palace was built in the17th century A.D. by Maharaja Rameshwar Singh of Darbhangha. It faced extensive damage caused by an earthquake in 1934, and wasn’t rebuilt after. It is situated beside the kamala river. It is a marble temple of the goddess kali and another temple of the goddess Durga forms an integral part of the palace. It is still in operation, also known as the Rajnagar palace complex. It’s one of the major tourist attractions in Mithila and people come to visit all year round.
8. Hiuen Tsang Memorial Hall
It was built in memory of the famous Chinese scholar and traveler Hiuen Tsang; the construction is enriched in architecture. Hiuen Tsang spent more than 12 years in Bihar on his visit to India. Hiuen Tsang learnt yoga under the guidance of Acharya Shil Bhadra. The famous traveler has enlightened the medieval India and Nalanda, which are found in the memorial hall.
9. Jalmandir Temple
Jalmandir Temple is situated in the middle of the lake, which is full of Lotus flower. King Nandivardhan, who was the elder brother of Lord Mahavira, has constructed the temple. The temple is in the shape of a Vimana. This is the place where Lord Mahavira attained Samadhi and the place he was cremated is marked in the temple. The 600 ft. long bridge made of stone connects the temple to the banks of the pond.
10. Patna Museum
The Patna Museum was constructed in 1917. The building is a blend of Rajput and Mughal architecture. The museum houses archaeological objects, paintings, sculptures and images by artists belonging to Hinduism and Buddhism. The museum also has a 200 million old fossil of a tree. At 12 noon every day, you can view picture source associated to culture. You will find the museum to provide information on the culture and tradition of the place. The museum remains closed on Monday.